Azerbaijan is located in southeastern Europe/southwestern Asia between Armenia and the Caspian Sea. Comparatively, Azerbaijan is slightly smaller than the state of Maine with a total area of 86,600 sq km (33,400 sq mi). This area includes the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast. Azerbaijan shares boundaries with Russia on the N , the Caspian Sea on the E , Iran on the S , Armenia on the W , and Georgia on the NW . Azerbaijan's boundary length totals 2,013 km (1,251 mi). Azerbaijan's capital city, Baku, is located on the Apsheron Peninsula that juts into the Caspian Sea.

State Symbols

The Flag contains three horizontal stripes of equal width. The upper stripe is of blue color, the middle one is red and the lower is green. The blue color is the color of Turkic (Azerbaijani) ethnos, red color symbolizes the adherence to freedom, democracy and human rights, and the green is the color of Islam. There is a white crescent and eight-pointed star in the middle of the red stripe. The star is the reflection of the eight different branches of the Turkic people. The ratio of the height of the flag to its length is 1 to 2.


The star, also seen in the flag, has the same meaning, namely, the eight different branches of the Turkic people. This eight-pointed star framed by gold, is superimposed on three circles: the inner one is green, the middle one is red, and the outer one is blue. These colors match the flag colors. Between each star point, on the blue circle, there are also smaller gold-framed eight-pointed stars. Inside the main central star there is a fire. The fire recalls the country's other name: Land of fire. This fire symbolizes also freedom. The shield stands on a golden ear of corn.

National Anthem

Music by Useir Hajibayov
Words by Ahmad Javad
Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!
You are the country of heroes!
We will die so that you might be alive!
We will shed our blood to defend you!
Long live your three-colored banner!
Thousands of people sacrificed their lives
You've become the field of battles. Every soldier fighting for youhas become a hero.
We pray for your prosperity,
We sacrifice our lives to you.
Our sincere love to you
Comes from the bottom of our hearts.
To defend your honor,
To hoist your banner,
All the young people are ready.
Glorious motherland,
Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!

President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev


BIOGRAPHY OF AZERI PRESIDENT ILHAM ALIYEV Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev was born in December 24 of1961 in Baku. He attended the secondary school in Baku from 1967till 1977. In 1977 he entered the Moscow State University of International Relations (MSUIR). In1982 after graduation Mr. Aliyev had continued his education as the postgraduate student in MSUIR. In1985 he finalized his research works and received PhD in history. During the years of 1985-1990 he h lectured at the Moscow State University of International Relations. From 1991 to 1994 he led a group of private industrial-commercial enterprises. In 1994 - 2003 he was the vise-president, and later the first vise-president of the State Oil Company of the Republic of Azerbaijan (SOCAR). He has been actively involved in the implementation of Heydar Aliyev’s oil strategy.

He is author of many research works on geopolitical aspects of oil strategy of sovereign Azerbaijan. He is the doctor of political sciences.

In 1995 and 2000 he was twice elected to the Milli Majlis (Parliament) of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

In 2003 he stopped his activity as the Member of Parliament due to his appointment to the post of Prime minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Since 1997 Mr. Ilham Aliyev is the President of the National Olympic Committee of Azerbaijan. For his great contribution to the development of sports and Olympic movement Mr. Aliyev was awarded the highest order of International Olympic Committee and “Grand Cordon” Order of Merit of International Military Sport Council.

In political career, he has been elected deputy chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party in1999, first deputy chairman in 2001 and chairman of the Party in 2005. From 2001 to2003 he was the head of the Azerbaijani Parliamentary delegation to Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe (PACE).

In January 2003 he was elected as Deputy-Chairman of Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe and member of PACE bureau.

In August 4 2003, following the approval of the Milli Majlis (Parliament) he was appointed as the Prime minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In October 15, 2003 he was elected as the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. More than 76% of voters supported Ilham Aliyev’s candidacy during the elections. He assumed his post in 31 October 2003.

In April of 2004 Mr. Aliyev was awarded a medal and diploma of honorable member of PACE for his active participation in PACE events and commitment to European values. 

Ilham Aliyev was elected to the second term of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, after acquiring 88% of votes of electorate in the elections, held on October 15, 2008. He started to execute the Office of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on October 24, 2008.

Mr. Aliyev is fluent in English, Russian, French and Turkish.

Mr. Aliyev is married and has three children.

President Aliyevs’ honorary names, orders, and awards include: Heydar Aliyev Order (the Republic of Azerbaijan), Ihsan Dogramacı Prize for International Relations for Peace (Turkey), The Star of Romania Order (Romania), King Abdul Aziz Order (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), Order of Honor (Georgia), Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor (France), Sheikhulislam Order (Republic of Azerbaijan), Prepodobniy Sergiy Rodonejskiy first degree Order of Russian Orthodox Church, Grand Cordon Order of Merit (International Military Sport Council), Honorary decoration of International Confederation of Sport Organizations of CIS countries, highest order of FİLA Sport legend, Grand Cross of Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (Republic of Poland), Order of Prince Yaroslav Mudry of 1st Class (Ukraine), Mubarak Al-Kabeer Order (Kuwait), Gold medal of the Hellenic Republic (Greece), Badge of Honor of European Fair Play Movement, Order of the Three Stars (Commander of the Grand Cross) (Latvian Republic); The National Order "Faithful Service" in rank of Grand Cross Special Order (Romania).

Honorary Doctor of Lincoln University (USA), Honorary Doctor of the Moscow State University of International Relations, Honorary Professor of L.N.Gumilev Eurasian National University (Kazakhstan), Honorary Doctor of Bilkent University (Turkey), Honorary Doctor of National Academy for Taxes (Ukraine), Honorary Doctor of  Petroleum and Gas University of Ploesti (Romania), Honorary Professor of University of National and World Economy (Bulgaria), Honorary Doctor of Kyung Hee University (South Korea), Honorary Doctor of Jordan University (Jordan), Honorary Doctor in Social Sciences of the Corvinus University (Republic of Hungary), Honorary Professor of Moscow State University (Russian Federation), Honorary Doctor of the Kiev National University named after Taras Shevchenko (Ukraine), Honorary Professor of the Turkmenistan State University after Makhtumkuli (Turkmenistan), Honorary Doctor of the Baku State University (Azerbaijan), Honorary Professor of the Belarusian State University (Belarus), Honorary Doctor of the Ankara University (Turkey).

General Information

  • Location: The Republic of Azerbaijan lies in the borderlands of Asia and Europe. It is situated in the south-eastern part of the Southern Caucasus and shares borders in the north with the Russian Federation, in the south with the Islamic Republic of Iran, in the west with Turkey, Georgia and Armenia, and in the east its neighbors across the Caspian Sea are Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
  • Country Name: Azərbaycan Respublikası (Republic of Azerbaijan).
  • Capital: Bakı (in USSR Baku) with a population of 1,807,300 (according to 2005 census).
  • State Language: Azerbaijani.
  • Religion: Religion is separated from the State and all religions are equal before the law.
  • Population: The population is 8 347 000 people (January, 2005).
  • Monetary Unit: Manat, (1 US $ = 4900 manat as at January, 2005).

National Holidays

  • January 1 - New Year
  • March 8 - Women's Day
  • March 20-21 - Novruz bayramı (Celebration of Spring)
  • May 9 - Day of Victory over Fascism
  • May 28 - Republic Day
  • June 15 - National Salvation Day
  • June 26 - Armed Forces Day
  • October 18 - National Independence Day
  • November 12 - Constitution Day
  • November 17 - National Revival Day
  • December 31 - Day of Solidarity of Azerbaijanis throughout the World

Memorable Days

  • January 20 - Day of Shehids' (Martyrs) Remembrance
  • February 26 - Day of Khojali Remembrance
  • March 31 - Genocide of Azerbaijanis'


  • Area:  86,600 sq km.
  • Length of Land Boundaries: 2,646 km.
  • Borders with Neighbouring Countries: Armenia - 1007 km, Georgia - 480 km, Iran - 756 km, Russia - 390 km, Turkey - 13 km.
  • Administrative Division
    • Autonomous Republic: Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası (Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic).
    • Major Cities: Baku, Ali Bayramli, Ganja, Xankendi, Lankaran, Mingachevir, Naftalan, Sumgayit, Shəki, Shusha, Yevlax.
    • Regions: The Republic of Azerbaijan consists 65 regions, 69 cities, 13 urban regions, 130 settlements of urban type and 4354 rural settlements. Absheron, Agjabedi, Agdam, Agdash, Agstafa, Agsu, Astara, Balakan, Beylaqan, Barda, Bilesuvar, Cabrayil, Calilabad, Dashkasan, Devechi, Fizuli, Gadabəy, Goranboy, Goychay, Hajiqabul, Khachmaz, Khanlar, Khizi, Khocali, Khojavand, İmishli, İsmayilli, Kalbecer, Kurdemir, Gakh, Gazakh, Gabele, Gobustan, Guba, Gubadli, Gusar, Lachin, Lerik, Lankaran, Masalli, Neftchala, Oguz, Saatli, Sabirabad, Salyan, Samukh, Siyazan, Shamakhi, Sheki, Shemkir, Shusha, Tartar, Tovuz, Ujar, Yardimli, Yevlax, Zagatala, Zangilan, Zardab.